When race is considered in a contest — whether its use is lawful or unlawful, ethical or unethical, motivated to equalize or motivated to discriminate, implicit or explicit, intentional or unintentional — it means that you never know the degree to which you won or lost based upon your merit. If you didn’t get selected was it because of racial discrimination not in your favor? Because another candidate received affirmative action in their favor? or because you were not the best qualified? If you did get selected was it because of latent discrimination in your favor? Latent discrimination against other canddiates? Affirmative action in your favor? or because you were the strongest?